An automatic transmission is a type of motor vehicle transmission that can automatically change gear ratios as the vehicle moves, freeing the driver to shift gears manually. In automatic transmission car decide itself on the basis of different factor to change the gear or not. Parking pawl feature locks the output shaft of the transmission stroke face to keep the vehicle from rolling either backward or forward.
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Toyota champ Thailand is working on automatic transmission mechanism, let us explain how automatic vehicles actually works.
Your engine connects to your transmission at a place called bell housing. Bell housing contains a torque converter for an automatic transmission equipped vehicles. The torque converter is basically fluid coupling whose task is to connect your engine to your transmission and thus to your driven wheels. The transmission consists of planetary gear sets which are in charge of providing different gear ratios. Torque converters and planetary gear sets play a vital role in automatic gear transmission.
Engine’s flex plate connects directly to a torque converter. when the crank shaft rotates, so does the torque converter housing. The basic purpose or goal of the torque converter is to provide a means by which to connect and disconnect the engine’s power to the driven load. On a usual manual transmission torque converter takes the place of a clutch.
The major components of a torque converter include the impeller, the stator, the turbine, and the lock-up clutch.
It is part of the torque converter housing, which is linked with the engine. It’s purpose is to drives the turbine via viscous forces. The turbine is linked with the transmission input shaft. The engine turns the impeller which produce forces on a fluid, then rotates the turbine, sending torque to the transmission.
It sits between the impeller and turbine. Its purpose is basically to lessen churning losses and to boost torque output by redirecting the fluid as it returns from the turbine to the impeller. The stator directs the liquid so that the greater part of its velocity is in the course of the impeller and helping impeller to move.
The basic purpose of lock up clutch in automatic transmission vehicle is to lock the turbine with the torque converter housing so that the turbine and impeller are mechanically connected.